EVANSTON, Ill. (Public News Service) — Juvenile-justice reform groups say helping young people with work and life-skills training reduces recidivism more effectively than incarceration, and they cite an Illinois program as an example.Curt’s Cafe, with locations in Evanston and Highland Park, also connects youth living in at-risk situations with other support services and has received a grant to expand its training curriculum.
‘Incarceration is the wrong way to change teens’ behavior’
Jennifer Vollen-Katz, executive director of the John Howard Association of Illinois, a prison watchdog group, said incarceration is the wrong way to change kids’ or teens’ behavior and hopes to see more funding for alternatives like Curt’s Cafe.“We can’t just give them skills for employment if you’re not addressing unmet mental health needs, or the fact that they don’t have money for transportation to get to and from a job,” Vollen-Katz contended. She pointed out holistic approaches are also opportunities to address inequality and racism. Data show far more Black, brown and Indigenous young people are locked up than their white peers. In Illinois, Black youths are ten times more likely to be incarcerated. Vollen-Katz added when a young person’s brain is developing, there’s a lot of capacity for change and rehabilitation. “Punishment without providing people the kind of assistance they need to grow and develop differently from whatever way was leading them to get into trouble is not the most effective way to help them,” Vollen-Katz argued. “And it’s also not the most humane.”
Employment, housing key to reducing recidivism
Luis Klein, director of policy and strategic partnerships for the Juvenile Justice Initiative, said employment and housing are the two biggest areas research has shown are key for reducing recidivism.“Any program making sure that the returning citizens, formerly incarcerated folks, have proper training, have job skills that are useful in this economy, is really important to keeping folks from returning to prison,” Klein stressed. Klein also urged more funding for programs like Curt’s Cafe. He noted such alternatives cost far less than incarceration and are more successful at keeping kids out of the prison system. In Illinois, it can cost more than $180,000 a year to incarcerate one juvenile.
Reporting by Lily Bohlke
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