Illinois lawmakers yet to address the issue of Congressional mapsIn May, and again in August, lawmakers drew new maps for state legislative districts. Those new maps are now the subject of two federal lawsuits – one by Republican leaders in the General Assembly and one by a Latino advocacy group – who argue, among other things, that the new districts dilute Latino voting power. But lawmakers have not yet addressed the issue of congressional district maps, something required under the U.S. Constitution once every 10 years following the decennial census. According to the 2020 U.S. Census, Illinois’ population fell by 18,124 people over the previous 10 years, or about 0.14 percent. As a result, Illinois will lose one of its congressional districts, bringing the number down to 17. Allie McNamara, a legislative aide who works on redistricting, said the largest population losses occurred in downstate Illinois, led by Alexander County, which lost 36.4 percent of its population. But Calhoun, Coles, Gallatin, Greene, Hardin, Henderson, Jackson, Mason, McDonough, Pike, and Pulaski counties also all saw double-digit losses. Meanwhile, there was a marked shift in the state’s overall population away from rural areas toward urban centers and the suburbs. The city of Chicago grew two percent, or about 50,000 people, McNamara said, although there were significant demographic changes within Cook County. The white population there declined by about 15 percent and the Black population fell by about two percent, but the Asian and Hispanic populations both grew substantially, she said.
Population decline will factor into new maps in fall veto sessionThose changes will need to be reflected in whatever new maps lawmakers draw, something they are expected to take up during the fall veto session, which begins Oct. 19. That process will be watched closely at both the state and national level. Democrats hold only an eight-vote majority in the U.S. House while three seats are vacant – two Democratic seats and one Republican seat. Historically the party that holds the White House – currently, Democratic President Joe Biden – loses seats in the president’s first mid-term election, which means there is a strong possibility that Republicans could regain control of the House. But Democrats are firmly in control of the Illinois General Assembly, where they hold supermajorities in both chambers, and they hold 13 of the state’s 18 congressional seats. Because of the way Illinois’ population shifted in the 2020 census, the most likely region to lose a congressional seat will be in heavily Republican southern Illinois. But Democrats in the General Assembly are expected to use their strong majorities to draw maps in a way that will help Democratic candidates in some of the state’s more toss-up regions.
Butler expects Illinois Democrats to gerrymander to protect seatsState Rep. Tim Butler (R-Springfield) the minority spokesman on the Redistricting Committee, said he fully expects Democrats to engage in gerrymandering in order to protect Democratic congressional candidates. “Illinois has a terrible history of drawing grotesquely gerrymandered districts for political power,” he said. “And it’s been done on a bipartisan level. The current map that we’re in, certainly the congressional district that I live in – the 13th congressional district – was no-bones-about-it drawn to try to elect a Democrat by linking together university towns from Champaign, Normal, Springfield, Edwardsville, across the state in a diagonal manner, where friends and neighbors get divided for pure political gain.” That seat actually is now held by a Republican, Rodney Davis, who has indicated that he might consider running for governor in 2022, depending on how lawmakers redraw that district. Both the House and Senate Redistricting committees have scheduled a series of public hearings leading up to the fall veto session. The Senate panel is scheduled to hold its first hearing at 10 a.m. Friday at Oakton Community College in Des Plaines. The next House committee meeting on congressional maps is slated for noon Tuesday, Oct. 12, at the Plumbers Local 130 United Association building in Joliet.
Peter Hancock is the Statehouse reporter for Capitol News Illinois and held that position since January 2019. Hancock previously covered the state government in Kansas for much of two decades, including stints with the Lawrence Journal-World and Kansas Public Radio. He would also report for the Kansas Health Policy Authority and the Kansas Education Policy Report.